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作業時間を決めるときの心がけ

他人とのアポを決める際には「空いている時間」を埋めるだけなので、スケジュールを決める際には悩みが少ないですが、自分自身でスケジュールを決めなくてはいけないときには、はたと止まりがちです。

来月1日が納期の仕事があるさいの、スケジュールは「来月一日までにやる」というだけで終わってしまうケースがあります。

●作業を分解する

プロジェクトで言えばWBSと言われたりしますが、仕事をいくつかの作業単位に分けます。「分けられない」と思うかもしれません。例えば「論文を書く」という仕事は、「論文を書く」としか分けられないように見えます。しかし実際に論文を書く際には、いくつかの作業に分解できるはずです。

  1. 他人の論文を読む
  2. 本屋でネタを探す
  3. ネットでネタを探す
  4. 話を聞きにいく
  5. ホワイトボードに書きながら思いをしゃべってみる
  6. ざっくり書いてみる
  7. 途中まで書いたものを読んでみる

どれも「実りがあるかどうか」は分かりませんが、どれをとっても、「全くやらないよりはいい」ものばかりです。

●時間を割る

学校の授業と同じように、時間を割ります。個々の作業の粒度に大小があってもいいのです。繰り返しになりますが、「全くやらない」よりは、適当な時間を割り振ってしまうのがいいでしょう。

時間を「割る」という考え方は、一日のスケジュールを決める際にも役立ちます。「仕事が終わるまで帰れない」と考えると、いくら残業しても足りません。実際には、終電というタイムリミットや、体力の限界というリミットがあります。器が決まっているのにも関わらず、「仕事が終わったときが終了の時間」と思いがちです。

Aさんは時間を割らずに仕事をします。一日がかりで仕事をして、終電で帰ります。ちょうど10時間の労働です。しかし2つの作業で終わってしまう可能性があります。

Bさんは時間を割ります。10時間に5つの作業を入れると決めてはじめます。もちろん作業あたりの時間は減っていますが、数はこなせています。10時間5で割ることの根拠はありません。ひとつあたり2時間でできるという保障もありません。しかし作業あたり「二時間もっかけていい」と思えば、その2時間をどう使うかを考えます。

Bさんの方が、作業の漏れは少なくなります。さらに発展させると次のことが可能になります。

B’さんは、7時間を一日の作業時間として5つの作業で時間割を組みます。

もとの「10時間を5で割る」という数字に根拠がないのなら、7時間を5で割ることも可能です。じゃぁBとB’の差の3時間は何か?これが「時間を作り出す」ということです。

一日の稼動時間や、一生の稼働時間は、人でそれほど違うわけではありません。活動的に見える人を「時間があっていいなぁ」とうらやむだけでは、忙しい現状を抜け出すことはできません。活動的な人は「時間を作り出す」努力をしているのです。

まずは時間を割るところからスタートです。

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Comments

時間というのは、どれだけ「速く」動くかではなく、どれだけ「細かく」それを割るかで統御されるものです。一秒をひとつの単位として動く人間と、一秒を一00に分割して、一00分の一秒単位で動く人間では、身体コントロールのレベルがまったく違います。一00分の一秒単位で身体を割れる人間は、言い換えると一秒間に一00個の動作ができるわけです。その人と一秒間に一個の動作しかできない人間を比べると、相対的な速度では一00倍速いということになります。
 武道的に速いというのは、実際には身体の「割り方」が細密であるということです。「速い」人というのは、時間を細かく進んでいる人のことです。(内田樹『死と身体』)

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