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豊作になると事故米が流通しやすくなる

日経2008/09/15朝刊 MONDAY NIKKEI より、事故米が流通した背景について。

そもそも、生産調整するほど、お米はあまっているのになぜ、こういう不正が起きたのか。

今回の事故米は加工米として流通しましたが、そもそも農家は加工米を作ろうとしてつくっているわけではない。悪天候などで粒が小さいなどの規格外のくず米を出荷して結果的に加工米として出回ります。

したがって、豊作のときにはくず米がでない。したがって豊作になればなるほど加工米は不足する。

形にこだわらないなら輸入米でもいいのですが、国際価格の高騰でくず米にしては高い。結果、今のくず米は2年前よりも64%も高い118円/Kg という価格に高騰している。一方で主食用は217円/Kgと0.2%安くなっている。

輸入米に関してはかなり手足が縛られている状態で、ミニマムアクセスの制度の配下で輸入されています。そのため341円/Kgの関税がかかります。

そもそも農家は加工用を作ってくれない。海外から輸入するにもバカみたいな関税がかかる。ということで加工のためのお米は慢性的に不足している状態。そこへ豊作がくるといよいよ加工用のお米はなくなる。

必要とされる加工米を作らない、作った人がいても輸入させないという間違った政策で、市場は歪む。不当に高騰したくず米市場にぽつんと加工用(に見せかけた)のお米を入れると、リスクを上回る利益が出てしまうといういわけです。

日本の農業政策としては、今後は米粉で小麦需要も満たすというような勢いですが、(裏紙: 小麦高騰、コメで代用・農水省検討、米粉増産へ補助金)現状の加工米流通ブロック政策の延長では、市場ニーズに応える姿勢からはかなり遠い。本気で日本の農業が米粉をつくったなら、今度は安価な米粉の流通がブロックさせられることになりそうです。

消費者に米を高値で買わせるのは、日本の食を「安定供給」させるというお題目の元に行われている政策ですが、実態は「必要なものが供給されない」し、海外の「売らせてくれ」という農家からも買わせてくれない。禁断症状の消費者が口をあけて待っていると、怪しい売人が混じり物の入った米を「普通の値段」で売ってくれている。

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オツカレです。 もしや国民からの批判がなければ公表しないつもりだったのだろうか。 [16日 日経] 三笠フーズからの事故米流通、370業者に 外食5社や米菓30社 カビ毒や残留農薬で汚染された「事故米」の不正転売問題で、米粉加工会社「三笠フーズ」(大阪市北区)... [Read More]

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